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1.Stop Rubbing Your Eyes.
Excessive eye rubbing can hurt the network of blood vessels underneath your eyes, potentially making dark circles more prominent, and leading to puffiness, redness, and wrinkles, according to Dr. Jennifer Linder, a dermatologist in Scottsdale, AZ. Constant rubbing can also make your eyes itch more, fueling the vicious cycle. Keep your hands to yourself and consider taking a non-drowsy antihistamine like Claritin if allergies are causing itchiness, suggests Linder.
There are many components in cigarette smoke that are toxic -- nicotine, carbon monoxide, tar -- they alter the nutrients that need to reach the eye; they upset the eye chemistry. Nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke are thought to be important causes of arteries losing their elasticity. This means that arteries respond less well to fluctuations in pressure and are more likely to rupture. An even bigger problem is the damage to blood vessels from smoking. The vessels behind the eye can be compromised, which cuts off the flow of oxygen to the eye. Smoking can increase your risk of suffering from cataracts and retinal diseases that lead to vision loss. It also worsens existing eye problems -- age-related macular degeneration, cataracts and optic nerve damage.